Edinburgh is the capital of Scotland and the second largest city. It is located on the east coast along the Firth of Forth. The city is well known for the Edinburgh festival which is the largest cultural event in the world, held annually in August.
The military tattoo is performed by the British armed forces with international bands and display teams. The international book festival is found in the centre of Edinburgh in the midst of the general festival. Edinburgh castle is the fortress which dominates the sky-line. The castle is run by Historic Scotland and remains the most popular visitor attraction in Scotland. The castle is said to have the ghost of a headless drummer boy and a piper playing in the battlements. There is a military presence here, and the castle includes a number of regimental museums. It is the backdrop to the Edinburgh tattoo. The Royal yacht Britannia is one of the world\'s most famous ships. It was launched in the Clydebank shipyard in 1953 and is now permanently moored in Edinburgh\'s historic dockyard in Leith. She proudly served the Queen and country for 44 years. During that time Britannia carried the Queen and Royal family on 968 official voyages. The Royal mile is a succession of streets which make up the main thoroughfare of the old town of the city and Princes Street stretches for a mile in the new town. The palace of Holyroodhouse is the official residence of the monarch of Scotland. The palace stands at the bottom of the Royal mile and is the setting for state ceremonies. It is open to the public except when members of the Royal family are in residence.
Edinburgh zoo is a non-profit zoological park. It was built in 1913 and is now the second most popular visitor attraction after the castle. The zoo is involved in captive breeding of endangered animals. It is the only zoo in Britain to house koala bears as well as being the first in the world to house and breed King penguins. The Forth road bridge is a suspension bridge which spans the Firth of Forth connecting Edinburgh to Fife. Rail crossings are made by the historic Forth bridge, a cantilever railway bridge adjacent to the road bridge.